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What is cut flower gardening? How do I plant one and what are the best blooms to grow

It's one of the hottest trends to hit the gardening world in years.

But what exactly is cut flower gardening?

What exactly is cut flower gardening and how do you get started?Credit: Getty

What is cut flower gardening?

Cut flower gardening involves growing flowers and plants for the sole purpose of cutting them and making into bouquets.

The flowers are often grown in rows, much like vegetables, to make it easier for the grower to identify, pick them and turn them into beautiful bunches.

It's also become a way of making money in recent months, especially since the pandemic, with people looking for ways to set up businesses from their own homes.

How do I get started?

According to Savvy Gardening’s Niki Jabbour, the best way to start is to make sure you’ve got the right spot. 

"Flowers need plenty of sun and rich, well-drained soil," Niki said.

"Prep the site before planting by loosening the soil and digging in some compost and a slow-release flower fertiliser."

If you have space, a raised bed could be a good choice, but if you don't then you can put a cut flower garden in spots in your regular garden.

What should I grow?

"First timers may want to stick to a few easy-to-grow annual flowers like zinnias and sunflowers," Niki said.

Remember to organise your garden so that the tallest plants are at the back, middle ones next and the shortest ones are at the front.

Sunflowers are a good choice if you're a first-time cut flower gardenerCredit: Getty

And it's also important to check whether or not the flowers you're choosing are climbing ones, as they'll need netting or a trellis to climb up.

Floral stylist Selina Lake told HomesandGardens.com of the flowers she chooses to include in her cut flower garden: "My favourites are sweet peas, dahlias, Mexican sunflowers and cosmos.

"These are great choices as picking the flowers regularly encourages more flowers to bloom, giving you a constant supply for cutting."

"I like to mix vibrant pink cosmos and dahlias, and dusky pink zinnias with pops of orange from Mexican sunflowers and crocosmia for colourful late summer arrangements."

Maintenance and upkeep

Once your cut flower garden is up and running, you'll have to maintain it with regular upkeep.

Pinching can be beneficial, with Niki explaining: "Pinching is done to young plants to encourage them to branch and produce longer stems for bouquets.

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"Plants are usually pinched when they are 10 to 12 inches tall.

"Use your fingers or a clean pair of pruners to remove the growing tip, pinching back to a healthy set of leaves."

Make sure you keep up with regular watering, and consider using an organic flower fertiliser to help keep flower production high.

What shall I do with the flowers I grow?

Well, there are numerous options!

If you don't want to start a small business from your home, you can make them into bouquets and give them to friends, family and neighbours.

You could even consider calling local nursing and retirement homes to see if they'd be interested in taking some flowers for their residents to enjoy.